Prior to this and even since then, other materials have been tested and tried. Vitreous carbon was one material which worked very well in fusing to bone, but being brittle and having other issues made it impractical for use as a dental implant. Titanium seemed like an ideal material—its properties made it useful, practical and predictable. The initial implants were pure titanium, but they were a bit too soft so an alloy was developed to overcome the negative properties.
Today, well over 95% of the dental implants placed are titanium alloys. There are literally hundreds of implant companies and systems worldwide and when scientific and surgical protocols are followed, the success of these implants are all well over 98% even after 10 years.
Since titanium dental implants have been in use, there has not been one report of an allergy or reaction to the metal itself. Nevertheless,there are some people who have either an allergy or sensitivity to other metals (e.g. prevalence of nickel allergy is about 5%) and/or simply have concerns about any metals within the body.
Most popular material in use today is TITANIUM. Other metallic implants are stainless steel cobalt chromium molybdenum alloy vitallium.
These materials are also used to coat metallic implants. These ceramics can either be plasma sprayed or coated to produce bio active surface. Non reactive ceramic materials are also present.
In the form of polymethylmethacrylate & polytetrafluoroethylene. Have only been used as adjuncts stress distribution along with implants rather than used as implants by themselves.
Made up of carbon with stainless steel. It modulus of elasticity equivalent to bone and dentine Brittleness leads to fracture.
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